Jeremy M. Sharp Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs
report provides a brief overview of the key issues for Congress related to
Egypt and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. The United States has
provided significant military and economic assistance to Egypt since the
late 1970s. U.S. policy makers have routinely justified aid to Egypt as an
investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation
and on sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations
have viewed Egypt’s government as generally influencing developments in the Middle
East in line with U.S. interests. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with
complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations, and these
debates and events in Egypt are shaping consideration of appropriations
and authorization legislation in the 113th Congress.
For Obama Administration officials and the U.S. military, there is a clear
desire to engage Egyptian President Muhammad Morsi’s new government on a
host of issues, including immediate economic support and Sinai security.
For others, opportunities for renewed diplomacy may be overshadowed by
disruptive political trends that have been unleashed by the so-called Arab awakening
and allowed for more expression of anti-Americanism, radical Islamist politics, antipathy
toward Israel, and sectarianism, among others.
For FY2013, President Obama is requesting $1.55 billion in total bilateral aid
to Egypt ($1.3 billion in military aid and $250 million in economic aid).
The aid levels requested are unchanged from FY2012 appropriations. Under
the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, FY2013 (H.J.Res. 117, P.L.
112-175), approved by Congress in September 2012, regular aid accounts (ESF,
FMF, etc.) are funded at the same level as in FY2012 (P.L. 112-74) plus .612%.
Conditions placed on appropriations in the FY2012 bill apply to FY2013 CR
funds unless otherwise noted.
Date of Report: February 26, 2013
Number of Pages: 25 Order Number: RL33003 Price: $29.95
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